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Improving the global exchange of germplasm for crop breeding

Code: 9781786768827
Selim Louafi, UMR AGAP Institut, CIRAD, University of Montpellier, INRAE, Institut Agro, Montpellier, France; and Eric Welch, Arizona State University, USA

Chapter synopsis: Different norms, rules and practices organize the exchange of germplasm to address broader global challenges such as advancement of science and innovation, food security, sustainable agriculture or global equity. Some of these institutions are now embedded in various treaties and national regulations. This chapter claims that these regulations are not as successful as they could be because they fail to effectively integrate the complexity of the exchange environment. In order to better understand how exchange could be improved, it is important to go beyond a legalistic approach to exchange and look at the broader socio-technical context in which these exchanges take place. By developing an analytical framework that includes several dimensions beyond the regulatory one, this contribution creates the foundation for a more comprehensive approach that acts upon the relationship between germplasm and the diversity of institutional logics, germplasm and its resource system, and germplasm and its social environment.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2020.0085.20

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Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Exchange of germplasm for crop breeding: what are we talking about? 3 Opening the black box of collaborations in plant genetic resources for food and agriculture 4 The germplasm exchange fallacies 5 Conclusion 6 Where to look for further information 7 References

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