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Life cycle assessment of indoor vertical farms

Code: 9781801465519
Michael Martin, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute and KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; and Francesco Orsini, University of Bologna, Italy

Chapter synopsis: Indoor vertical farms (IVF) have expanded rapidly in recent years as an approach to secure resilient food provisioning in urban areas. Sustainability is often promoted by IVFs, focusing primarily on farm-level metrics and information about work with packaging. However, there are few assessments of the implications IVFs have throughout their life cycle due in part to the novelty of the industry. This chapter aims to provide information and guidance on conducting an environmental sustainability assessment of an IVF employing life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. Throughout the chapter, the different phases of an LCA are outlined, and guidance is provided for practitioners in order to aid their work, assumptions, and methodological choices. Furthermore, important processes and insights from previous research are provided to promote a more sustainable IVF industry.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2023.0126.06

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Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Life cycle assessment and its application in indoor vertical farms 3 Strengths and limits of life cycle assessments for indoor vertical farms 4 Insights from life cycle assessments of indoor vertical farms 5 Life cycle management and increasing transparency 6 Conclusion and future trends in research 7 Where to look for further information 8 Acknowledgements 9 References

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