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Clonostachys rosea to control plant diseases

Code: 9781801462020
Dan Funck Jensen and Mukesh Dubey, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden; Birgit Jensen, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; and Magnus Karlsson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Chapter synopsis: The fungus Clonostachys rosea was recognized as an aggressive parasite on other fungi already in the late 1950s. Research into its potential use in biological control of plant diseases soon followed. Today, there are several commercial products based on C. rosea available for biocontrol applications worldwide. Although its mycoparasitic ability has attracted a lot of interest, C. rosea is now viewed as an ecological generalist whose lifestyle also includes plant endophytism, rhizosphere competence and polyphagous ability. Protocols for producing high amounts of C. rosea spores are available for both solid state and liquid fermentation. Low temperature and low moisture content are key factors that influence the shelf life of C. rosea propagules. Products based on C. rosea can be delivered to flowers using bumble bees, applied by spraying or as seed dressing or by incorporation into the soil. Clonostachys rosea is today an established factor in sustainable plant protection strategies.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2021.0093.14

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Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Taxonomy and sources 3 Mechanisms of action 4 Lessons from genomics and transcriptomics 5 Product development and commercialisation 6 Delivery and action of C. rosea as a biological control agent 7 Conclusion and future trends 8 Where to look for further information 9 Acknowledgements 10 References

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