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Genetics and genomics of feed utilization efficiency in poultry species

Code: 9781786767769
Behnam Abasht, University of Delaware, USA; Sandrine Mignon-Grasteau, INRA, France; Walter Bottje, University of Arkansas, USA; and Juniper Lake, University of Delaware, USA

Chapter synopsis: Feed utilization efficiency is a trait of high economic importance in livestock production. In poultry meat and egg production, feed accounts for over 70% of the total production costs. Consequently, improving feed utilization efficiency has been a major goal in the poultry industry. The efficient use of feed for livestock production also positively impacts environment. After a brief history of broiler breeding, this chapter summarizes the quantitative genetic properties (heritability and genetic correlation estimates) of feed efficiency and discusses some of its main contributing factors: basal metabolism, protein turnover, body composition, and digestive efficiency. Contribution of metabolic systems (liver, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle) and relevant genomic studies are also discussed. The chapter also includes a section on unfavorable meat quality consequences of improving feed efficiency and ends with discussion on future considerations.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2020.0065.11
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Breeding for poultry meat production 3 Feed efficiency 4 Factors contributing to genetic variation in feed efficiency 5 The role of metabolic systems in feed efficiency 6 Genetic architecture of feed efficiency 7 Mapping quantitative trait loci for feed efficiency 8 Unfavorable meat quality as a consequence of improving feed efficiency 9 Future trends 10 Conclusion 11 References

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