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Advances in screening and product development of microbial bioprotectants

Code: 9781801463287
Wagner Bettiol, Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation), Brazil; Flávio Henrique Vasconcelos de Medeiros, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil; Josiane Barros Chiaramonte, Vittia Fertilizantes e Biológicos SA, Brazil; and Rodrigo Mendes, Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation), Brazil

Chapter synopsis: The success of a biological control programme depends on the isolation and selection of antagonists. There is an enormous diversity of culturable microbial species in the soil, rhizosphere, phylloplane, spermosphere and carposphere, which can be used in the isolation and selection of antagonists. The structures of fungal plant pathogens concerned with survival and infection may also be sources of antagonists. Although non-culturable microorganisms and microbiome-based strategies have great potential for development as commercial products in disease control, more knowledge is needed to understand the mechanisms involved in interactions between plants and complex microbial communities. Methods of isolation and selection of the most commercially exploited groups of antagonists and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed in this chapter as well as those of non-traditional antagonists. Finally, possible strategies for engineering the soil and host microbiome to actively promote plant protection against pathogens are discussed.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2021.0093.02
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Screening microorganisms for biological control of plant diseases: exclusive and inclusive approaches 3 The nine-step approach to screening for biocontrol agents 4 Non-traditional biocontrol agents of plant diseases: entomopathogenic fungi and bacteria 5 Non-traditional biocontrol agents of plant diseases: bacteriophages and mycoviruses 6 Niche markets for biocontrol agents 7 Regional markets for biocontrol agents 8 Formulation of biocontrol agents 9 The role of the microbiome in biocontrol 10 Microbiome engineering for disease control 11 Future trends 12 Where to look for further information 13 Acknowledgements 14 References

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