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Advances in energy-efficient lighting and ventilation for food production systems

Code: 9781801464949
Tom Tabler, Mississippi State University, USA

Chapter synopsis: Estimates are that 15 percent of agricultural production costs are energy related. The best way to lower these costs and cut energy consumption is by becoming energy smart. This chapter highlights energy-efficient lighting, considers potential of novel UV technology, acknowledges ventilation advances, and notes challenges to agricultural sustainability and food security. Various lighting sources exist but LEDs have moved to the forefront. Livestock (particularly poultry) and greenhouse/controlled environment agriculture operations are reviewed, as these operations see huge benefits from energy efficiency lighting/ventilation systems. Energy savings and transitioning to LEDs are discussed along with dimming issues that affect LED lamps. Novel ultraviolet light and its use in water treatment and food processing as well as its future potential in other areas is also considered. Finally, agricultural sustainability and the role of women in agriculture is addressed along with the challenges of poverty and food insecurity facing smallholder farmers around the world.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2022.0100.02
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Light sources: benefits and shortcomings 3 Energy savings 4 Shifting from incandescent to LED lamps 5 Issues with light dimmers 6 Novel ultraviolet (UV) technologies 7 Greenhouse and controlled environment lighting applications 8 Ventilation advances in livestock housing 9 Conclusion and future trends 10 Where to look for further information 11 References

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