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Conservation Agriculture in West Asia

Code: 9781801463959
Isam Bashour, Roula Bachour, Nicolas Haddad and Razan Dbaibo, American University of Beirut, Lebanon; Kassem Jouni, World Food Programme, Lebanon; Faten Adada, FAO Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa, Egypt; Yahya Shakhatreh, Yahya Bani- Kalaf, Abedaraheem Bawaliz, Iyad Musallam, Faddel Ismael, Mahmud Huwaian and Nabeel Bani Hani, National Agricultural Research Center, Jordan; Mina Devkota, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Morocco; Atef Haddad and Yaser Musa, Aga Khan Foundation, Syria; Rabea Al Hayek, Agricultural Research Station, Syria; Abdulsattar Asmair Alrijabo, University of Mosul and Local Leader of the Conservation Agriculture Programme in Nineveh Province and North of Iraq, Iraq; Irfan Gultekin, Bahri Dagdas International Agricultural Research Institute, Turkey; Mohammad Esmaeil Asadi, Crop, Soil and Conservation Agriculture Systems, Golestan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Iran; and Amir Kassam, University of Reading, UK

Chapter synopsis: The soils of the agricultural areas in West Asia are suffering from degradation, erosion and reduction in fertility that is reflected on the quantity and quality of production. The results of field research in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Turkey and Iran for the past 10 years or more, comparing Conservation Agriculture (CA) methods to conventional tillage methods, show that CA, the newly introduced method of soil management, is environmentally and economically more beneficial than the conventional method of tilling and farming. In this chapter, the results of field research and extension programmes in countries of the West Asia region are presented. The CA research has been conducted on rainfed and irrigated agriculture, on various soil types, and farmed by people of varying educational backgrounds. Farmers in the West Asia region are being encouraged to shift from the current degrading conventional methods of farming to CA systems. The results have generally verified that the no-till method of farming is more beneficial to the farmers and to the environment, if there is effective weed management. The results also verified that CA is a good approach to rebuild soil and agricultural productivity.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2021.0088.10
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Lebanon 3 Jordan 4 Syria 5 Iraq 6 Turkey 7 Iran 8 Conclusion 9 Where to look for further information 10 References

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