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Insect pests and integrated pest management techniques in grain legume cultivation

Code: 9781838794002
Tolulope A. Agunbiade, Yale University, USA; Weilin Sun, Michigan State University, USA; Brad S. Coates, USDA-ARS, USA; Fousséni Traore, Institut de l ’ Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles, Burkina Faso; James A. Ojo, Kwara State University, Nigeria; Anne N. Lutomia, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA; Julia Bello-Bravo, Michigan State University, USA; Saber Miresmailli, Ecoation Innovative Solutions Inc., Canada; Joseph E. Huesing, USAID, USA; Michael Agyekum, Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics, Michigan State University, USA; Manuele Tamò , International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Benin; and Barry R. Pittendrigh, Michigan State University, USA

Chapter synopsis: Cowpea is a major staple legume food crop grown and consumed in the dry savanna regions of sub-Saharan West Africa. Cowpea provides much-needed income to both farmers and traders; cowpea grain is also a major source of protein for the growing human populations, particularly, women, infants and children in West Africa. This chapter describes the pests that attack cowpea at every stage of its development, including aphids, thrips, pod-sucking bugs and lepidopteran pod borers. The chapter explains current control measures and their limitations, and advocates development of an integrated pest management strategy by exploiting knowledge of pest biology, host plant resistance (including Bt cowpea) and biocontrol, as well as incorporating research utilizing recent advances in ’omics’ research technologies. The chapter also emphasizes the importance of disseminating new information to farmers via Scientific Animations Without Borders, which uses cell phones to distribute freely downloadable video media.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2017.0023.11
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Known pest biology 3 Applying molecular biology tools to cowpea insect pests 4 Biological control approaches to sustainable IPM 5 Adoption of precision-IPM strategy by cowpea farmers 6 SAWBO and mobile learning experiences 7 Conclusion and future trends 8 Where to look for further information 9 References

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