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Improving cultivation practices for soybeans in sub-Saharan Africa

Code: 9781838794125
Frederick P. Baijukya and Harun M. Murithi, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Tanzania; and Fred Kanampiu, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Kenya

Chapter synopsis: Soybean production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has significantly increased due to the surge in demand arising from increasing populations and improved incomes. Analysis across SSA revealed an increase in soybean consumption of 7.4% between 1990 and 2011 with more than 50% of the production gap filled by importation. There is therefore an urgent need to improve the production of this important legume in SSA. In this chapter, we present the best practices for soybean cultivation together with evidence for their effectiveness in improving soybean yields. These best practices include the use of improved varieties; correct plant population; and nutrient, disease and pest management. We discuss the importance of supporting these practices with good input delivery and financing systems, agricultural advisory services and functioning output markets.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2017.0023.25
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Trends in soybean production and consumption in SSA 3 Best practices to enhance soybean yields: inoculation with rhizobia and use of improved varieties 4 Best practices to enhance soybean yields: improved crop management 5 Other considerations to improve soybean productivity in SSA 6 Conclusion 7 Where to look for further information 8 References

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