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Developments in soilless/hydroponic cultivation of vegetables

Code: 9781838798956
Dimitrios Savvas, Agricultural University of Athens, Greece; and Damianos Neocleous, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Cyprus

Chapter synopsis: In hydroponics, the plants are grown outside the natural soil, either on porous growing media (substrates) or in pure nutrient solution (water culture). The most commonly used growing media, which are characterized by a balanced availability of water and oxygen, are rockwool, perlite, pumice, and coir dust. Furthermore, water culture systems without any solid media, such as floating, NFT, and aeroponics are mainly used for leafy vegetables. This chapter describes the advantages and disadvantages of hydroponics, along with the equipment and substrates used. The chapter examines soilless/hydroponic growing systems for vegetables, including crop nutrition and nutrient solutions, product quality in hydroponics, and the specifics of soilless cultivation of greenhouse vegetable crops. The chapter offers guidance on irrigation and plant protection practices in soilless cultivation. Finally, the chapter looks ahead to future trends in this area.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2019.0045.32
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Advantages and disadvantages of hydroponics 3 Equipment 4 Substrates 5 Soilless/hydroponic growing systems for vegetables 6 Crop nutrition and nutrient solution (NS) 7 Product quality in hydroponics 8 Soilless cultivation specifics of greenhouse vegetable crops 9 Irrigation tips in soilless cultivation 10 Plant protection practices in soilless cultivation 11 Future research and technological developments in hydroponics 12 References

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