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Variety selection in wheat cultivation

Code: 9781838793036
Arun Kumar Joshi, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT); Vinod Kumar Mishra, Banaras Hindu University, India; and Simanchal Sahu, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, India

Chapter synopsis: Variation among wheat plants serves as the raw material for varietal development or plant breeding, allowing the selection of plants which are suited to particular environments, management methods or markets. The superiority of an identified line is normally validated through a series of trials, and once established the new variety is registered and released for cultivation by a competent authority. In this chapter, we review the methods used to develop new varieties of wheat, including both traditional breeding and modern molecular breeding using marker-assisted selection, genomic selection and next-generation phenotyping. We also consider the criteria used by both plant breeders and farmers to select between available varieties.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2016.0004.11
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Wheat variety selection methods: natural and traditional selection 3 Wheat variety selection methods: modern molecular breeding 4 Variety selection by plant breeders 5 Variety selection by farmers 6 Conclusion 7 Where to look for further information 8 References
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