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Key challenges in maize breeding in sub-Saharan Africa

Code: 9781838791032
Baffour Badu-Apraku, IITA, Nigeria; M.A.B. Fakorede and R.O. Akinwale, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Chapter synopsis: Development, release and commercialization of improved maize varieties has improved tremendously in the last two or three decades in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Nevertheless, major challenges remain; these are described in this chapter, and strategies by which they may be overcome are proposed. With ample reference to the western, central, eastern and southern African sub-regions, the chapter describes the state of research facilities and human resources in SSA, before discussing how Africa may explore the use of broad-based germplasm resources, successfully to overcome the challenges of hybrid development, apply newly available plant breeding techniques and take advantage of participatory plant breeding research to be self-sufficient in maize production on a sustainable basis.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2016.0001.03
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Research facilities 3 Human resources 4 Use of tropical germplasm for maize improvement 5 Heterosis, heterotic grouping and identification of testers in maize germplasm 6 Application of new plant breeding techniques 7 Participatory plant breeding 8 Conclusion and future trends 9 Where to look for further information 10 References

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