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Understanding and improving protein traits in maize

Code: 9781838791049
Yongrui Wu, National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology & Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; and Joachim Messing, Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, USA

Chapter synopsis: Improving the nutritional quality of maize is necessary to meet the growing demands of maize consumption. Maize could be the main source of protein. Several parameters, however, limit the supply and quality of corn protein. This chapter reviews the mechanisms that determine these limitations, including transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression, compartmentalization of proteins during seed development. It also describes mutants in maize that interfere with these mechanisms and how genetic approaches could be taken to improve protein quality traits. It is important to realize that sulphur and nitrogen storage in maize seeds have to be addressed differently because of their source-sink relationship. This chapter deals with all these aspects.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2016.0001.04
Table of contents1 Introduction 2 Storage proteins in maize seed 3 Regulation of storage protein genes 4 Synthesis and deposition of zein proteins 5 Improving protein quality in maize seed 6 Maintaining sulphur storage in maize seed 7 Future trends 8 Acknowledgements 9 References

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