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Advances in understanding potato plant physiology and growth

Code: 9781786763648
Curtis M. Frederick, University of Wisconsin, USA; Masahiko Mori, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan; and Paul C. Bethke, USDA-ARS and University of Wisconsin, USA

Chapter synopsis: Potato physiology determines how genetically-encoded developmental attributes interact with local environmental conditions, as modified through agricultural practice, to produce the final crop. This chapter highlights how physiological responses of potato to management choices made by growers and environmental conditions during growth and post-harvest storage determine yield, quality and sustainability. The development of the potato plant is described and special emphasis is given to the interdependence of tuber growth and canopy development. Key aspects of the root system architecture are reviewed. The chapter discusses research assessing the sensitivity of potato yield to water and nutrient availability, highlighting the adverse effects of water deficits and high temperatures on tuber growth, quality and overall sustainability.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2017.0016.01
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Crop rotation, planting and initial crop development 3 Development of the potato plant 4 Potato responses to water and heat stresses 5 Potato responses to nutrient availability 6 Additional factors affecting sustainable production 7 Summary 8 Future trends 9 Where to look for further information 10 References

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