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Advances in understanding cassava growth and development

Code: 9781838790523
Virgílio Gavicho Uarrota, Deivid L. V. Stefen, Clovis Arruda de Souza and Cileide Maria Medeiros Coelho, University of the State of Santa Catarina (UDESC), Brazil; Rodolfo Moresco and Marcelo Maraschin, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil; Fernando David Sánchez-Mora, Technical University of Manabí (UTM), Ecuador; and Eduardo da Costa Nunes, Enilto de Oliveira Neubert and Luiz Augusto Martins Peruch, Santa Catarina State Agricultural Research and Rural Extension Agency (EPAGRI), Brazil

Chapter synopsis: Understanding the physiological basis for cassava growth and development supports key strategies for the crop’s sustainable management and its genetic improvement. Key components to consider are leaf area index, plant architecture, total biomass yield, photosynthetic rate, root bulking and root quality. This chapter aims to highlight advances in understanding cassava’s fundamental physiological traits. It offers a detailed review of the growth and development of the plant’s main structural components as well as the physiology and control of carbon partitioning between source (leaves) and sink (roots) for optimizing yields. The factors which make cassava well adapted to coping with climate change are discussed, and attention is also given to understanding of the rapid post-harvest physiological deterioration of cassava’s roots, a feature that has profoundly influenced the ways that cassava is managed before and after harvest.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2016.0014.03
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Overview of cassava growth and development 3 Leaf development, canopy formation and photosynthesis 4 Root development 5 Carbon partitioning in cassava 6 Cassava response to environmental conditions: solar radiation and temperature 7 Cassava response to environmental conditions: water availability 8 Cassava response to environmental conditions: salinity, atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases 9 Post-harvest physiological deterioration 10 Summary and future trends 11 Where to look for further information 12 References

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