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Advances in understanding and managing fungal and other diseases of forest trees

Code: 9781786765062
Tod Ramsfield, Natural Resources Canada, Canada; and Kathy Lewis, University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Chapter synopsis: Forest diseases are caused by pathogens and they affect all parts of the tree, including roots, stems, and leaves. Forest diseases result in volume losses and decreases in wood quality, which are considered detrimental in stands managed for timber products; however, in the context of a biodiversity reserve, diseases are important for nutrient cycling and habitat creation as agents of succession. This chapter uses a case study approach to describe how various forest pathogens affect trees and introduces strategies to reduce damage caused by forest pathogens in managed stands. The chapter introduces parasitic flowering plants, rust pathogens, diseases caused by Phytophthora spp., as well as abiotic disease. The chapter discusses the importance of exotic forest pathogens and the damage several of these pathogens have caused to ecosystems following their introduction, establishment, and spread. The chapter also addresses how climate change might change host–pathogen interactions, leading to differences in disease expression. Finally, the chapter provides detailed guidance on further reading.

DOI: 10.19103/AS.2019.0057.20
Table of contents 1 Introduction 2 Tree disease 3 Tree disease effects 4 Classification of tree diseases 5 Parasitic flowering plants 6 Rust diseases 7 Tree diseases caused by species of Phytophthora 8 Abiotic disease 9 Disease management 10 Invasive forest pathogens 11 Forest pathogens and climate change 12 Conclusion 13 Where to look for further information 14 References

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